Correlates of 25-hydroxyvitamin D and breast cancer stage in the women's healthy eating and living study

Elizabeth T. Jacobs, Cynthia A. Thomson, Shirley W. Flatt, Vicky A. Newman, Cheryl L. Rock, John P. Pierce

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Inverse associations between circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and breast cancer stage have been reported, thus it is critical to understand the variables that contribute to 25(OH)D levels among women with breast cancer. Among 904 women in the Women's Healthy Eating and Living Study, plasma 25(OH)D concentrations were measured and data on demographic characteristics, diet, physical activity, and tumor characteristics were collected at study entry. Statistically significant associations with 25(OH)D concentrations were observed for body mass index (BMI), body surface area (BSA), height, smoking, total vitamin D intake, physical activity, and race or ethnicity. Of the correlates of 25(OH)D, BMI, BSA, height, physical activity, and study site were associated with stage of breast cancer; however, concentrations of 25(OH)D were not significantly related to stage. In fully adjusted logistic regression models, the ORs (95% CIs) for the association between vitamin D deficiency and Stage II and III cancers were 0.85 (0.59-1.22) and 1.23 (0.71-2.15), respectively (P trend = 0.59), compared to Stage I. This study confirms previous work regarding the correlates of 25(OH)D concentrations but does not provide support for an association between vitamin D status and breast cancer stage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)188-194
Number of pages7
JournalNutrition and cancer
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Oncology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Cancer Research


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