Coronary MR angiography: Respiratory motion correction with BACSPIN

Christopher J. Hardy, Lei Zhao, Xuli Zong, Manojkumar Saranathan, E. Kent Yucel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Purpose: To improve the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of breath-held coronary magnetic resonance angiography (CMRA) without increasing the number or duration of breath holds. Materials and Methods: In this BACSPIN (Breathing AutoCorrection with SPiral INterleaves) technique, a single breath-held electrocardiogram (ECG)-gated multi-slice interleaved-spiral data set is acquired, followed by repeated imaging of the same slices during free breathing. Each spiral interleaf from the breath-held data set is used as a standard for comparison with corresponding acquisitions at the same interleaf angle during free breathing. The most closely matched acquisitions are incorporated into a multi-slice, multi-average data set with increasing SNR over time. In-plane translations of the coronary artery can be measured and compensated for each accepted acquisition before combination with the other acquisitions. Results: CMRA was performed on six volunteers, with improved SNR and minimal motional blurring. In some cases, breath holding could be dispensed with completely and the average respiratory position used as a reference. Conclusion: BACSPIN provides a promising method for CMRA with improved SNR and limited breath-holding requirements.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)170-176
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiac MRI
  • Coronary artery imaging
  • Motion correction
  • Respiratory navigation
  • Spiral MRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


Dive into the research topics of 'Coronary MR angiography: Respiratory motion correction with BACSPIN'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this