Coronary artery magnetic resonance imaging strategies have tended to focus on the use of a single method performed during either breath-holding or free-breathing for all patients. However, significant variations exist among patients in terms of breath-holding ability and respiratory regularity that make the use of a single technique alone not universally successful. Therefore, it is prudent to make available a number of magnetic resonance imaging methods such that an appropriate respiratory motion reduction strategy can be tailored to suit the patient's respiratory pattern and characteristics. A tailored approach that can draw on different image acquisition techniques for coronary artery imaging is presented. A decision tree is proposed to triage patients into imaging regimes with the greatest probability of success, according to the patient's ability to breath-hold or exhibit steady respiration. Methods include volume free-breathing acquisitions using navigator echoes for respiratory monitoring in the 8- to 10-min scan time range, two-dimensional spiral navigators (2- to 3-min scan time), breath-held multislice and vessel-tracking spirals (16- to 20-second scan time), and real-time imaging approaches incorporating adaptive signal averaging. The development of multiple acquisition strategies substantially improves the opportunities to generate high-quality, diagnostic images of the coronary arteries.
- Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
- Coronary artery angiography
- Pulse sequences
- Respiratory compensation
- Spiral imaging
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging