Corneal ablation patterns to correct for spherical aberration in photorefractive keratectomy

Jim Schwiegerling, Robert W. Snyder

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

97 Scopus citations


Purpose: To determine the spherical aberration introduced by photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) and customize ablation patterns to compensate for this aberration and improve post-PRK visual performance. Setting: Department of Ophthalmology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, USA. Methods: Presurgical and postsurgical corneal topography of 16 patients who had PRK with the Summit OmniMed laser were obtained. The data were applied to a schematic eye model, and exact ray tracing was used to determine the introduction of spherical aberration from the procedure. Optimization routines were used to determine the ideal ablation pattern. Results: The magnitude of the spherical aberration introduced into the eyes after PRK increased with the level of attempted correction. The theoretical ideal ablation pattern requires additional flattening of the ablation periphery to avoid the introduction of spherical aberration. Conclusions: Current PRK ablations introduce spherical aberration into the eye. Modifying the existing ablation algorithms to compensate for spherical aberration may boost postoperative visual performance. (C) 2000 ASCRS and ESCRS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)214-221
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of cataract and refractive surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Ophthalmology
  • Sensory Systems


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