Coping self-efficacy and psychological distress following the Oklahoma City bombing

Charles C. Benight, Robert W. Freyaldenhoven, Joel Hughes, John M. Ruiz, Tiffany A. Zoschke, William R. Lovallo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations

Abstract

Findings from a study of 27 victims of the Oklahoma City bombing are reported. This research focused on the importance of subjective appraisals of coping self-efficacy in predicting psychological distress following this tragedy. Results supported the hypothesis that judgments of coping self-efficacy taken 2 months after the bombing added significantly to the explanation of general and trauma-related distress after controlling for income, social support, threat of death, and loss of resources. Coping self-efficacy judgments taken 1 year later were also important in explaining psychological distress after controlling for loss of resources and social-support perceptions. Although coping self-efficacy perceptions taken at 2 months were related to distress levels 1 year later, they did not remain significant in a regression analysis controlling for loss of resources and income. Implications of these findings for post-terrorist bombing interventions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1331-1344
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Applied Social Psychology
Volume30
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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