Coordination of gene expression between organellar and nuclear genomes

Jesse D. Woodson, Joanne Chory

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

506 Scopus citations


Following the acquisition of chloroplasts and mitochondria by eukaryotic cells during endosymbiotic evolution, most of the genes in these organelles were either lost or transferred to the nucleus. Encoding organelle-destined proteins in the nucleus allows for host control of the organelle. In return, organelles send signals to the nucleus to coordinate nuclear and organellar activities. In photosynthetic eukaryotes, additional interactions exist between mitochondria and chloroplasts. Here we review recent advances in elucidating the intracellular signalling pathways that coordinate gene expression between organelles and the nucleus, with a focus on photosynthetic plants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)383-395
Number of pages13
JournalNature Reviews Genetics
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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