Controlled balloon false lumen obliteration for the endovascular management of chronic dissection in the descending thoracic aorta

A. Claire Watkins, Shernaz Dossabhoy, Alex R. Dalal, Aleena Yasin, Matthew Leipzig, Benjamin Colvard, Jason T. Lee, Michael D. Dake

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Retrograde false lumen perfusion has limited the utility of aortic stent grafting for chronic aortic dissection. It is unknown whether balloon septal rupture can improve the outcomes for endovascular management of chronic aortic dissection. Methods: Included patients underwent false lumen obliteration and creation of a single-lumen aortic landing zone using balloon aortoplasty during thoracic endovascular aortic repair. The distal thoracic stent graft was sized to the total aortic lumen diameter, and septal rupture was performed within the stent graft with a compliant balloon in the region 5 cm proximal to the distal fabric edge. Clinical and radiographic outcomes are reported. Results: Forty patients, with an average age 56 years, underwent thoracic endovascular aortic repair with septal rupture. Seventeen patients (43%) had chronic type B dissections, 17 of 40 patients (43%) had residual type A dissections, and 6 of 40 patients (15%) had acute type B dissections. Nine cases were emergency, complicated by rupture or malperfusion. Perioperative complications included 1 death (2.5%) due to rupture of the descending thoracic aorta and 2 (5%) instances each of stroke (neither permanent) and spinal cord ischemia (1 permanent). Two (5%) stent graft–induced new injuries were seen. Average postoperative computed tomography follow-up was 1.4 years. Thirteen patients (33%) had a decrease in aortic size, 25 of 39 patients (64%) were stable, and 1 of 39 patients (2.6%) had an increased aortic size. Partial and complete false lumen thrombosis were achieved in 10 of 39 patients (26%) and 29 of 39 patients (74%), respectively. Midterm aortic-related survival was 97.5% at an average of 1.6 years. Conclusions: Controlled balloon septal rupture offers an effective endovascular method to treat aortic dissection in the distal thoracic aorta.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalJTCVS Techniques
Volume19
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2023
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aortic dissection
  • Stent grafting
  • Thoracic endovascular aortic repair

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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