Contributions of the Women's Health Initiative to Cardiovascular Research: JACC State-of-the-Art Review

WHI Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

The WHI (Women's Health Initiative) enrolled 161,808 racially and ethnically diverse postmenopausal women, ages 50-79 years, from 1993 to 1998 at 40 clinical centers across the United States. In its clinical trial component, WHI evaluated 3 randomized interventions (menopausal hormone therapy; diet modification; and calcium/vitamin D supplementation) for the primary prevention of major chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease, in older women. In the WHI observational study, numerous clinical, behavioral, and social factors have been evaluated as predictors of incident chronic disease and mortality. Although the original interventions have been completed, the WHI data and biomarker resources continue to be leveraged and expanded through ancillary studies to yield novel insights regarding cardiovascular disease prevention and healthy aging in women.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)256-275
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume80
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 19 2022

Keywords

  • cardiovascular disease
  • epidemiology
  • menopause
  • prevention
  • randomized trial
  • women's health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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