Continuous-Variable Quantum Key Distribution with Self-Reference Detection and Discrete Modulation

Ming Li, Milorad Cvijetic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


We proposed the optimized continuous-variable quantum key distribution protocol with self-reference and discrete modulation, which incorporates the advantages of both self-reference detection scenario and discrete modulation of quantum states. The impact of excess phase noise resulting from the self-reference intradyne detection on the secret key rate has been evaluated. We have comprehensively analyzed the optimized protocol performance and compared it with the other three continuous-variable quantum key distribution protocols proposed so far and confirmed that the optimized protocol that we proposed enables the quantum key distribution over longer distances and immunity against the side-channel attack.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8000408
JournalIEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2018


  • Quantum cryptography
  • discrete modulation
  • optical fiber communication
  • quantum key distribution (QKD)
  • self-reference detection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Continuous-Variable Quantum Key Distribution with Self-Reference Detection and Discrete Modulation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this