Continuous Diffusion of Oxygen Adjunct Therapy to Improve Scar Reduction after Cervicotomy – A Proof of Concept Randomized Controlled Trial

Alejandro Zulbaran-Rojas, Ramkinker Mishra, Alan Pham, James Suliburk, Bijan Najafi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: Dressing materials are known to influence post-operative surgical wound healing and scar formation (SF). A particular dressing that could promote wound hydration is essential to ensure quick epithelialization and reduce SF. This study examined the effectiveness of a novel Continuous Diffusion of Oxygen (CDO) dressing to reduce scar length post cervicotomy. Methods: A randomized controlled trial was performed in patients undergoing cervicotomy, either for thyroid or parathyroid disease. Patients were randomized to either control (CG) or intervention (IG) groups. The IG received a portable CDO system (TransCu O2, EO2 Concepts Inc., TX, USA), whereas the CG received a standard dressing for a 4-week period. The primary outcome was >10% of scar length reduction and %change in scar length. Results: 21 patients were recruited (Age: 53 ± 16 years; 90% female; CG = 9, IG = 12). 5 patients were lost to follow-up. At 4 weeks, 88.8% of the IG significantly achieved >10% of scar reduction (versus CG = 28.5%, d = 0.48, P = 0.049), showing a 40.4% smaller scar (15.7% versus 11.2%, d = 0.13, P = 0.72) compared to the CG. However, the difference was not significant. A sub-sample of patients undergoing thyroidectomy showed a significant scar reduction using CDO (IG = 11.6% versus CG = 5.1%, d = 2.96, P = 0.009). Conclusions: This is the first study to assess scar reduction using CDO adjunct therapy after cervicotomy. Advanced CDO dressings may assist wound healing showing improved outcomes for scar visualization in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. A larger sample is required to validate this observation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)585-594
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • Continuous diffusion of oxygen
  • Parathyroidectomy
  • Scar reduction
  • Thyroidectomy
  • Wound healing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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