An asymmetric two-step approach to chiral bridged tricyclic benzopyrans, core structures featured in various natural products, is described. In the synthesis, an unprecedented enantioselective catalytic decarboxylative Diels-Alder reaction is developed using readily available coumarin-3-carboxylic acids and aldehydes as reactants under mild reaction conditions. Notably, the decarboxylation-assisted release of the catalyst enables the process to proceed efficiently with high enantio- and diastereoselectivity. Furthermore, a one-pot procedure for either a LiAlH4- or NaBH4-mediated reduction with subsequent acid-catalyzed intramolecular cyclization of the Diels-Alder adducts was identified for the efficient formation of the chiral bridged tricyclic benzopyrans.
- synthetic methods
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