Constraining the scatter in the mass-richness relation of maxbcg clusters with weak lensing and x-ray data

Eduardo Rozo, Eli S. Rykoff, August Evrard, Matthew Becker, Timothy McKay, Risa H. Wechsler, Benjamin P. Koester, Jiangang Hao, Sarah Hansen, Erin Sheldon, David Johnston, James Annis, Joshua Frieman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

133 Scopus citations


We measure the logarithmic scatter in mass at fixed richness for clusters in the maxBCG cluster catalog, an optically selected cluster sample drawn from Sloan Digital Sky Survey imaging data. Our measurement is achieved by demanding consistency between available weak-lensing and X-ray measurements of the maxBCG clusters, and the X-ray luminosity-mass relation inferred from the 400 days X-ray cluster survey, a flux-limited X-ray cluster survey. We find (95% CL) at N 200 40, where N 200 is the number of red sequence galaxies in a cluster. As a byproduct of our analysis, we also obtain a constraint on the correlation coefficient between ln LX and ln M at fixed richness, which is best expressed as a lower limit, r L,M|N ≥ 0.85(95% CL). This is the first observational constraint placed on a correlation coefficient involving two different cluster mass tracers. We use our results to produce a state-of-the-art estimate of the halo mass function at z = 0.23 - the median redshift of the maxBCG cluster sample - and find that it is consistent with the WMAP5 cosmology. Both the mass function data and its covariance matrix are presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)768-781
Number of pages14
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009


  • Cosmology: observations
  • X-rays: galaxies: clusters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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