Considerations for Implementing Oral Preexposure Prophylaxis: A Literature Review

Timothy Joseph Sowicz, Anne M. Teitelman, Christopher Lance Coleman, Bridgette M. Brawner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Oral preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is in its infancy as an approved biomedical intervention; therefore, research is needed to understand the issues surrounding its implementation. The purpose of this literature review is to report the empirical research about PrEP to identify the salient issues surrounding its implementation. PubMed, Medline, and CINAHL databases were searched, yielding 45 articles meeting inclusion criteria for the review. Overall, we found patient awareness of PrEP varied and its use was low. Awareness was higher among providers. Patients were willing to use PrEP, but both patients' and providers' concerns may have impacted implementation of this intervention. PrEP requires a prescription, yet only five of the 45 articles addressed provider-level factors. Research involving providers is needed to ensure that patient risk of becoming infected with HIV is accurately assessed, that PrEP is provided to those at high risk for HIV infection, and that frequent follow-up is conducted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)496-507
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • HIV
  • Oral preexposure prophylaxis
  • Prevention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Considerations for Implementing Oral Preexposure Prophylaxis: A Literature Review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this