Connecting with others in the midst of stressful upheaval on September 11, 2001

Patricia Liehr, Matthias R. Mehl, Linda C. Summers, James W. Pennebaker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


This study was originally planned from September tenth through twelfth to assess concurrent use of three real-time data sources during a usual day. When the World Trade Center towers collapsed, the plan expanded to describe 24-hour blood pressure and heart rate, natural environment word use, television viewing/radio listening, and self-reported diary feelings for six undergraduate students in the midst of stressful upheaval. Heart rate, "we" word-use and television viewing/radio listening increased over time. Higher negative and lower positive feelings/emotions occurred during morning hours on September 11. Students connected with others and shared good thoughts. Measurement with real-time data sources was informative.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2-9
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Nursing Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Nursing


Dive into the research topics of 'Connecting with others in the midst of stressful upheaval on September 11, 2001'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this