Congenital Anomalies in Duane's Retraction Syndrome

David D. Pfaffenbach, Harold E. Cross, Thomas P. Kearns

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

113 Scopus citations


Patients with sporadic Duane's retraction syndrome (congenital aberrant innervation) appear to have a significant increase in the number of associated congenital malformations. These are primarily facial anomalies, ear and hearing anomalies, skeletal deformities, and roentgenographic malformations in the upper vertebral column and rib cage. The critical time in embryologic development resulting in these anomalies is the fourth to the eighth week of gestation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)635-639
Number of pages5
JournalArchives of Ophthalmology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1972
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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