Confli-T5: An AutoPrompt Pipeline for Conflict Related Text Augmentation

Erick Skorupa Parolin, Yibo Hu, Latifur Khan, Patrick T. Brandt, Javier Osorio, Vito D'Orazio

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent advances in natural language processing (NLP) and Big Data technologies have been crucial for scientists to analyze political unrest and violence, prevent harm, and promote global conflict management. Government agencies and public security organizations have invested heavily in deep learning-based applications to study global conflicts and political violence. However, such applications involving text classification, information extraction, and other NLP-related tasks require extensive human efforts in annotating/labeling texts. While limited labeled data may drastically hurt the models' performance (over-fitting), large demands on annotation tasks may turn real-world applications impracticable. To address this problem, we propose Confli-T5, a prompt-based method that leverages the domain knowledge from existing political science ontology to generate synthetic but realistic labeled text samples in the conflict and mediation domain. Our model allows generating textual data from the ground up and employs our novel Double Random Sampling mechanism to improve the quality (coherency and consistency) of the generated samples. We conduct experiments over six standard datasets relevant to political science studies to show the superiority of Confli-T5. Our codes are publicly available 1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings - 2022 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2022
EditorsShusaku Tsumoto, Yukio Ohsawa, Lei Chen, Dirk Van den Poel, Xiaohua Hu, Yoichi Motomura, Takuya Takagi, Lingfei Wu, Ying Xie, Akihiro Abe, Vijay Raghavan
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Pages1906-1913
Number of pages8
ISBN (Electronic)9781665480451
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022
Event2022 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2022 - Osaka, Japan
Duration: Dec 17 2022Dec 20 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings - 2022 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2022

Conference

Conference2022 IEEE International Conference on Big Data, Big Data 2022
Country/TerritoryJapan
CityOsaka
Period12/17/2212/20/22

Keywords

  • CAMEO
  • classification
  • coding event data
  • conflict
  • generation
  • natural language processing
  • text augmentation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Information Systems
  • Information Systems and Management
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Control and Optimization

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