Cone-beam breast CT using an offset detector: Effect of detector offset and image reconstruction algorithm

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. A dedicated cone-beam breast computed tomography (BCT) using a high-resolution, low-noise detector operating in offset-detector geometry has been developed. This study investigates the effects of varying detector offsets and image reconstruction algorithms to determine the appropriate combination of detector offset and reconstruction algorithm. Approach. Projection datasets (300 projections in 360°) of 30 breasts containing calcified lesions that were acquired using a prototype cone-beam BCT system comprising a 40 × 30 cm flat-panel detector with 1024 × 768 detector pixels were reconstructed using Feldkamp-Davis-Kress (FDK) algorithm and served as the reference. The projection datasets were retrospectively truncated to emulate cone-beam datasets with sinograms of 768 × 768 and 640 × 768 detector pixels, corresponding to 5 cm and 7.5 cm lateral offsets, respectively. These datasets were reconstructed using the FDK algorithm with appropriate weights and an ASD-POCS-based Fast, total variation-Regularized, Iterative, Statistical reconstruction Technique (FRIST), resulting in a total of 4 offset-detector reconstructions (2 detector offsets × 2 reconstruction methods). Signal difference-to-noise ratio (SDNR), variance, and full-width at half-maximum (FWHM) of calcifications in two orthogonal directions were determined from all reconstructions. All quantitative measurements were performed on images in units of linear attenuation coefficient (1/cm). Results. The FWHM of calcifications did not differ (P > 0.262) among reconstruction algorithms and detector formats, implying comparable spatial resolution. For a chosen detector offset, the FRIST algorithm outperformed FDK in terms of variance and SDNR (P < 0.0001). For a given reconstruction method, the 5 cm offset provided better results. Significance. This study indicates the feasibility of using the compressed sensing-based, FRIST algorithm to reconstruct sinograms from offset-detectors. Among the reconstruction methods and detector offsets studied, FRIST reconstructions corresponding to a 30 cm × 30 cm with 5 cm lateral offset, achieved the best performance. A clinical prototype using such an offset geometry has been developed and installed for clinical trials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number085008
JournalPhysics in medicine and biology
Volume67
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 21 2022

Keywords

  • breast CT
  • cone-beam CT
  • image quality
  • iterative reconstruction
  • offset detector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiological and Ultrasound Technology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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