Conditioning steady-state mean stochastic flow equations on head and hydraulic conductivity measurements

A. F. Hernandez, S. P. Neuman, A. Guadagnini, J. Carrera

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Non-local moment equations allow one to obtain deterministically optimum predictions of flow in randomly heterogeneous media and to assess predictive uncertainty conditional on measured values of medium properties. We present a geostatistical inverse algorithm for steady-state flow that makes it possible to further condition such predictions and assessments on measured values of hydraulic head (and/or flux). Our algorithm is based on recursive finite-element approximations of exact first and second conditional moment equations. Hydraulic conductivity is parameterized via universal kriging based on unknown values at pilot points and (optionally) measured values at other discrete locations. We illustrate the method for superimposed mean uniform and convergent flows in a bounded two-dimensional domain. Our examples illustrate how conductivity and head data act separately or jointly to reduce parameter estimation errors and model predictive uncertainty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-128
Number of pages7
JournalIAHS-AISH Publication
Issue number277
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Aquifer characteristics
  • Geostatistics
  • Groundwater flow
  • Inverse problem
  • Regression analysis
  • Steady-state conditions
  • Stochastic processes
  • Uncertainty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Oceanography


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