Conceptual design of a grazing incidence X-ray deformable mirror using voice-coil actuators

Michael Hart, Johanan Codona, Robert Codona, S. Mark Ammons, Bruce A. MacIntosh, Thomas McCarville, Tommaso Pardini, Michael Pivovaroff, Lisa Poyneer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Scopus citations


High-energy beams of X-rays used in studies of molecular structure have imperfect wavefront quality. Improved point-spread functions can in principle be made by adjustment of a deformable mirror (DM) in the beam train. Conventional DMs are unsuitable because they are not intended for use at the necessary grazing incidence angles, and the optical surface is not sufficiently stable. We describe the conceptual design for a new DM that addresses the requirements of this application. Our design draws on successful strategies employed in the adaptive secondary mirrors at the MMT and LBT telescopes, including the use of voice-coil actuators with collocated capacitive position sensors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAdaptive X-Ray Optics II
StatePublished - 2012
EventAdaptive X-Ray Optics II - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Aug 14 2012Aug 14 2012

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


ConferenceAdaptive X-Ray Optics II
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego, CA


  • Adaptive optics
  • Deformable mirrors
  • X-ray optics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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