Concentration of viruses from large volumes of tap water using pleated membrane filters

S. R. Farrah, C. P. Gerba, C. Wallis, J. L. Melnick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations


A method is described for the efficient concentration of viruses from large volumes of tap water in relatively short time periods. Virus in acidified tap water in the presence of aluminium chloride is adsorbed to a 10 inch (ca. 25.4 cm) fiber glass depth cartridge and a 10 inch pleated epoxy fiberglass filter in series at flow rates of up to 37.8 liters/min (10 gallons/min). This filter series is capable of efficiently adsorbing virus from greater than 19,000 liters (5,000 gallons) of treated tap water. Adsorbed viruses are eluted from the filters with glycine buffer (pH 10.5) and the eluate is reconcentrated using an aluminium flocculation process. Viruses are eluted from the aluminium floc with glycine buffer (pH 11.5). Using this procedure viruses in 1,900 liters (500 gallons) of tap water can be concentrated 100,000 fold in 3 h with an average recovery of 40 to 50%.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-226
Number of pages6
JournalApplied and environmental microbiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1976

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Ecology


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