Computationally Efficient Approximations for Distributionally Robust Optimization under Moment and Wasserstein Ambiguity

Meysam Cheramin, Jianqiang Cheng, Ruiwei Jiang, Kai Pan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Distributionally robust optimization (DRO) is a modeling framework in decision making under uncertainty inwhich the probability distribution of a randomparameter is unknown although its partial information (e.g., statistical properties) is available. In this framework, the unknown probability distribution is assumed to lie in an ambiguity set consisting of all distributions that are compatible with the available partial information. Although DRO bridges the gap between stochastic programming and robust optimization, one of its limitations is that its models for large-scale problems can be significantly difficult to solve, especially when the uncertainty is of high dimension. In this paper, we propose computationally efficient inner and outer approximations for DRO problems under a piecewise linear objective function and with a moment-based ambiguity set and a combined ambiguity set including Wasserstein distance and moment information. In these approximations, we split a random vector into smaller pieces, leading to smaller matrix constraints. In addition, we use principal component analysis to shrink uncertainty space dimensionality. We quantify the quality of the developed approximations by deriving theoretical bounds on their optimality gap. We display the practical applicability of the proposed approximations in a production-transportation problemand a multiproduct newsvendor problem. The results demonstrate that these approximations dramatically reduce the computational time while maintaining high solution quality. The approximations also help construct an interval that is tight for most cases and includes the (unknown) optimal value for a large-scale DRO problem, which usually cannot be solved to optimality (or even feasibility in most cases). Summary of Contribution: This paper studies an important type of optimization problem, that is, distributionally robust optimization problems, by developing computationally efficient inner and outer approximations via operations research tools. Specifically, we consider several variants of such problems that are practically important and that admit tractable yet large-scale reformulation. We accordingly utilize random vector partition and principal component analysis to derive efficient approximations with smaller sizes, which, more importantly, provide a theoretical performance guarantee with respect to low optimality gaps. We verify the significant efficiency (i.e., reducing computational time while maintaining high solution quality) of our proposed approximations in solving both production-transportation and multiproduct newsvendor problems via extensive computing experiments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1768-1794
Number of pages27
JournalINFORMS Journal on Computing
Volume34
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Wasserstein distance
  • distributionally robust optimization
  • moment information
  • principal component analysis
  • semidefinite programming
  • stochastic programming

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Information Systems
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Management Science and Operations Research

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