Comparative evaluation of differential laser-induced perturbation spectroscopy as a technique to discriminate emerging skin pathology

Raymond T. Kozikowski, Sarah E. Smith, Jennifer A. Lee, William L. Castleman, Brian S. Sorg, David W. Hahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Fluorescence spectroscopy has been widely investigated as a technique for identifying pathological tissue; however, unrelated subject-to-subject variations in spectra complicate data analysis and interpretation. We describe and evaluate a new biosensing technique, differential laser-induced perturbation spectroscopy (DLIPS), based on deep ultraviolet (UV) photochemical perturbation in combination with difference spectroscopy. This technique combines sequential fluorescence probing (pre- and post-perturbation) with sub-ablative UV perturbation and difference spectroscopy to provide a new spectral dimension, facilitating two improvements over fluorescence spectroscopy. First, the differential technique eliminates significant variations in absolute fluorescence response within subject populations. Second, UV perturbations alter the extracellular matrix (ECM), directly coupling the DLIPS response to the biological structure. Improved biosensing with DLIPS is demonstrated in vivo in a murine model of chemically induced skin lesion development. Component loading analysis of the data indicates that the DLIPS technique couples to structural proteins in the ECM. Analysis of variance shows that DLIPS has a significant response to emerging pathology as opposed to other population differences. An optimal likelihood ratio classifier for the DLIPS dataset shows that this technique holds promise for improved diagnosis of epithelial pathology. Results further indicate that DLIPS may improve diagnosis of tissue by augmenting fluorescence spectra (i.e. orthogonal sensing).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number067002
JournalJournal of biomedical optics
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cancer
  • Classification
  • Diagnostic
  • Fluorescence
  • Photochemistry
  • Receiver operating character curve
  • Spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biomedical Engineering

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