"Common factors" in rehabilitation counseling: Expectancies and the working alliance

Brian T. McMahon, Linda R. Shaw, Fong Chan, Carolyn Danczyk-Hawley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The purpose of this article is to describe two constructs recently highlighted in the counseling psychology literature - working alliance and counseling expectancies - and to describe first steps toward their application in vocational rehabilitation. As consumer and counselor embark on the vocational rehabilitation experience, differences in expectations may lead to a strained relationship and subsequent poor outcomes. In recognition of this challenge, the authors undertook a research project to give meaning and impetus to the concept of consumer empowerment in a manner that would maximize VR outcomes. Specifically, enhancing the quality of the working alliance between counselors and consumers is presented as one way to achieve these goals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)101-105
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Vocational Rehabilitation
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2004


  • Counselor-consumer partnerships
  • Rehabilitation counseling
  • Vocational rehabilitation outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Occupational Therapy


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