Purpose: To determine the efficacy of combination fludarabine and mitoxantrone (FN) in untreated stages III and IV low-grade lymphoma. The major end point was to estimate progression-free survival (PFS) in all eligible patients. Patients and Methods: Seventy-eight eligible patients were registered. Chemotherapy courses were administered every 4 weeks with mitoxantrone 10 mg/m2 on day 1 and fludarabine 25 mg/m2 on days 1, 2, and 3 for a total of six to eight cycles. Pneumocystis carinii prophylaxis was required. Results: Seventy-three patients (94%) attained an objective response. Complete remission was demonstrated in 34 patients (44%) and partial remission was demonstrated in 39 patients (50%). With a median follow-up time of 5.5 years, the median PFS was 32 months, with a 4-year PFS rate of 38%. Median survival has not been reached and 88% of all patients are alive at 4 years. The application of the International Prognostic Index and serologic staging showed significant differences in PFS in all risk groups, whereas overall survival was markedly worse for the highest-risk group in either prognostic model. Three prior Southwest Oncology Group trials using a regimen of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone or a combination of prednisone, vincristine, methotrexate, cytarabine, cyclophosphamide, etoposide, nitrogen mustard, vincristine, procarbazine, and prednisone in similar patient populations demonstrated comparable clinical outcome, although the 4-year survival for FN was better. FN was well tolerated, but mild to severe reversible myelosuppression was noted. Other complications were rare. Conclusion: FN is an effective, safe chemotherapy combination for patients with advanced-stage, low-grade lymphoma. Clinical outcomes were comparable to prior published data using anthracycline-based regimens.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research