Colors of luminous bulges in cluster MS 1054-03 and field galaxies at redshifts z - 0.83

David C. Koo, Susmita Datta, Christopher N.A. Willmer, Luc Simard, Kim Vy Tran, I. M. Myungshin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Using Hubble Space Telescope images, we separate the bulgelike (dubbed "pbulge") and disklike ("pdisk") components of 71 galaxies in the rich cluster MS 1054-03 and of 21 in the field. Our key finding is that luminous pbulges are very red, with rest-frame U-B - 0.45, while predicted colors are bluer by 0.20 mag. Moreover, these very red colors appear to be independent of environment, pbulge luminosity, pdisk color, and pbulge fraction. These results challenge any model of hierarchical galaxy formation that predicts the colors of distant (z - 0.8) luminous field and cluster bulges will differ. Our findings also disagree with other claims that 30% to 50% of bright bulges and elliptical galaxies at z - 1 are very blue (U-B ≤ 0).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L5-L8
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1 II
StatePublished - Nov 20 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Cosmology: observations
  • Galaxies: evolution
  • Galaxies: formation
  • Galaxies: fundamental parameters
  • Galaxies: photometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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