Phase measuring deflectometry has been applied for free-form specular surface metrology, but its measured slope results are sensitive to the depth of sample positioning, which is also called the height-slope ambiguity. The objective of this work is to tackle this height-slope ambiguity problem. The main idea is to introduce collimated camera rays using a telecentric imaging lens and collimated structured-light illumination with a Fourier lens. This setup makes the fringe phases become only sensitive to the surface slopes and insensitive to the depth of the sample positioning. In this way, the slope calculation is theoretically independent of the sample depth. We call this new deflectometry technique Collimated Phase Measuring Deflectometry (CPMD). With our developed CPMD experimental setup, the measurement is insensitive to the depth of sample positioning, e.g., the measured height dispersion is less than 30 nm RMS within a 10 mm depth range when measuring a 50-mm-diameter spherical mirror with a 200 mm radius of curvature. The merits and limitations of the proposed CPMD technique are discussed, revealing its prospects in practical metrology applications and potential future investigations.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering