Cognitive Networks with In-Band Full-Duplex Radios: Jamming Attacks and Countermeasures

Manjesh K. Hanawal, Diep N. Nguyen, Marwan Krunz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Although in-band full-duplex (IBFD) radios promise to double the throughput of a wireless link, they are more vulnerable to jamming attacks than their out-of-band full-duplex (OBFD) counterparts. For two communicating OBFD nodes, a jammer needs to attack both the uplink and the downlink channels to completely break the communication link. In contrast, only one common channel needs to be jammed in the case of two IBFD nodes. Even worse, a jammer with self-interference suppression (SIS) capabilities (the underlying technique of IBFD radios) can learn the transmitters' activity while injecting interference, allowing it to react instantly to the transmitter's strategies. In this work, we consider a power-constrained IBFD 'reactive-sweep' jammer that sweeps through the set of channels by jamming a subset of them simultaneously. We model the interactions between the IBFD radios and the jammer as a stochastic constrained zero-sum Markov game in which nodes adopt the frequency hopping (FH) technique as their strategies to counter jamming attacks. Beside the IBFD transmission-reception (TR) mode, we introduce an additional operation mode, called transmission-detection (TD), in which an IBFD radio transmits and leverages its SIS capability to detect jammers. The aim of the TD mode is to make IBFD radios more cognitive to jamming. The nodes' optimal defense strategy that guides them when to hop and which operational mode (TD or TR) to use is then established from the equilibrium of the stochastic Markov game. We prove that this optimal policy has a threshold structure, in which IBFD nodes stay on the same channel up to a certain number of time slots before hopping. Simulation results show that our policy significantly improves the throughput of IBFD nodes under jamming attacks.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8790787
Pages (from-to)296-309
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Cognitive Communications and Networking
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 2020


  • Jamming attack
  • Markov games
  • dynamic frequency hopping
  • in-band full-duplex radio

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Artificial Intelligence


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