Cognitive-motor dual-task gait training within 3 years after stroke: A randomized controlled trial

Prudence Plummer, Lisa A. Zukowski, Jody A. Feld, Bijan Najafi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Background: Dual-task gait training may improve dual-task gait speed after stroke, but the effects on the relative amount of dual-task interference are unclear. Objective: To compare the efficacy of dual-task gait training (DTGT) and single-task gait training (STGT) on cognitive-motor dual-task interference after stroke. Methods: 36 adults within 3 years of stroke were randomized 1:1 to STGT or DTGT, 3 times a week for 4 weeks. The primary outcomes were the relative dual-task effect on gait speed (DTEg, %) and cognitive task performance (DTEc, %) during walking at preferred and fast speed in two different dual-task conditions (auditory Stroop, auditory clock task). Results: There were no treatment effects on DTEg or DTEc in either group for either dual-task at either walking speed. Across all participants, there were significant improvements in both single and dual-task gait speed in all conditions, without any relative change in the dual-task effect. Subgroup analysis suggested that those with greater interference at baseline may benefit more from DTGT. Conclusions: DTGT and STGT improved single and dual-task gait speed but did not change the amount of relative interference. The findings may be confounded by an unexpectedly small amount of gait-related dual-task interference at baseline.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1329-1344
Number of pages16
JournalPhysiotherapy Theory and Practice
Issue number10
StatePublished - 2022


  • Stroke
  • attention
  • cognition
  • gait
  • rehabilitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation


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