Coccidioidomycosis in dogs and cats: A review

Angela Graupmann-Kuzma, Beth A. Valentine, Lisa F. Shubitz, Sharon M. Dial, Barbara Watrous, Susan J. Tornquist

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

    65 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    The dimorphic fungi Coccidioides immitis and Coccidioides posadasii are the causative agents of coccidioidomycosis. Dogs and cats residing in and visiting endemic areas are at risk of exposure to infectious arthrospores. The primary infection is pulmonary and frequently results in chronic cough. Disseminated disease is common and causes cutaneous, osseous, cardiac, ocular, nervous system, or other organ disease. Radiographic changes include a variable degree of interstitial pulmonary infiltration, hilar lymphadenopathy, and osseous lesions. Serological titers support the diagnosis, but definitive diagnosis relies on identification of Coccidioides in cytological or tissue samples. Coccidioidomycosis should be considered in any dog or cat that has been potentially exposed during the previous 3 years and is presented with chronic illness, respiratory signs, lameness, lymphadenopathy, nonhealing cutaneous lesions, or neurological, ocular, or cardiac abnormalities.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)226-235
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of the American Animal Hospital Association
    Volume44
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2008

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Small Animals

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