CoA-independent transacylase activity is increased in human neutrophils after treatment with tumor necrosis factor α

James D. Winkler, Chui Mei Sung, Lisa Huang, Floyd H. Chilton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


CoA-independent transacylase (CoA-IT) appears to play a critical role in lipid mediator generation by rapidly moving arachidonate (AA) between phospholipid pools during cell activation. Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF) pretreatment of human neutrophils increases agonist-induced production of inflammatory mediators. The current study tested if the TNF-induced increase in lipid mediator production may be, in part, due to altered CoA-IT activity. Neutrophils were treated with TNF (250 U/ml, 30 min), homogenates prepared, and CoA-IT activity measured by the ability of these homogenates to acylate 1-[3H]alkyl-2-lyso-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine (GPC). There was an increased CoA-IT activity, from 9.1 ± 1.1 to 13.7 ± 1.4 pmol/mg per min in control vs. TNF-treated samples, respectively. Varying the concentration of 1-alkyl-2-lyso-GPC revealed an increased CoA-IT activity in microsomes that was due to an increased Vmax, from 26 to 54 pmol/mg per min. The ability of TNF to increase CoA-IT activity was concentration-dependent, with maximal response observed at 25 U/ml. This effect on CoA-IT appears to be specific, in that TNF treatment of neutrophils had no effect on CoA-dependent acylation of 1-acyl-2-lyso-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine, using either AA-CoA or linolenoyl-CoA as substrates. In the intact cell, the movement of [3H]AA from other phospholipids into PE in fMLP-stimulated neutrophils was greatly enhanced after TNF treatment, demonstrating a functional consequence of increased CoA-IT activity. In addition, TNF treatment doubled platelet-activating factor production in response to the chemotactic peptide fMLP, as measured by [3H]acetate incorporation, while the response to A23187 remained unchanged. Taken together, these results provide the first evidence of modulation of CoA-IT activity by a proinflammatory cytokine and suggest that one mechanism for augmented lipid mediator formation is through increases in CoA-IT activity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)133-140
Number of pages8
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)/Lipids and Lipid Metabolism
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Nov 17 1994
Externally publishedYes


  • Arachidonate movement
  • Neutrophil
  • Platelet-activating factor
  • Transacylase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology


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