Clinical experience with the c-mac and glidescope in a pediatric emergency department over a 10-year period

Garrett S. Pacheco, Asad E. Patanwala, Jenny S. Mendelson, John C. Sakles

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: There is little literature describing the performance of video laryngoscopes for the intubation of pediatric patients in the emergency department (ED). The purpose of this study is to report our experience with direct laryngoscopy (DL), the C-MAC (CMAC), and the GlideScope (GVL) over a 10-year period in an urban academic pediatric ED. Methods: This was an analysis of pediatric intubations prospectively recorded into a Continuous Quality Improvement database in an academic pediatric ED over a 10-year period. Between July 1, 2007, and June 30, 2017, emergency physicians recorded all consecutive intubations performed in the pediatric ED. The database included patient demographics and detailed information on each intubation such as age of the patient, reason for intubation, device(s) used, method of intubation, difficult airway characteristics, adverse events, number of intubation attempts, and outcome of each attempt. All patients younger than 18 years who underwent intubation by an emergency medicine resident using a DL or videolaryngoscope (CMAC or GVL) were included in the study. The primary outcome measure was first-pass success without adverse events (FPS-AE), which was defined as successful tracheal intubation on a single laryngoscope insertion without the occurrence of any adverse events during the peri-intubation period. A multivariate regression analysiswas performed to control for potential confounders and included difficult airway characteristic, operator level of training, method of intubation, and patient age. Results: During the study period, 530 intubations were performed in pediatric patients. Of these, 493 intubations met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed (218 DL, 187CMAC, 88 GVL). The FPS-AE with each device is as follows: DL, 54.1% (n = 118/218); CMAC, 64.0% (n = 119/187); and GVL, 52.3% (n = 46/88). In the logistic regression analysis, compared with DL, the CMAC was associated with a higher FPS-AE (odds ratio, 1.6 [95% confidence interval, 1.03-2.45]), whereas the GVL was not associated with an increased FPS-AE (odds ratio, 0.62 [95% confidence interval, 0.35-1.10]). Conclusions: In this study of pediatric patients intubated in the ED, compared with DL, the CMAC was associated with an increased FPS-AE, but the GVL was not.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E1098-E1103
JournalPediatric emergency care
Volume37
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2021

Keywords

  • First-pass success without adverse events
  • Pediatric airway
  • Video laryngoscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Emergency Medicine

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