Clarification of the Exceptional-Point Contribution to Photonic Sensing

Dalton Anderson, Manav Shah, Linran Fan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Exceptional points, with simultaneous coalescence of eigenvalues and eigenvectors, can be realized with non-Hermitian photonic systems. With the enhanced response, exceptional points have been proposed to improve the performance of photonic sensing. Recently, there are intense debates about the actual sensing advantage of exceptional points. The major concern is that intrinsic noise is also increased at exceptional points. Here, we aim to clarify the contribution of exceptional points for photonic sensing. This is achieved by analyzing the condition to realize divergent quantum Fisher information in linear non-Hermitian photonic systems. We show that the divergence of quantum Fisher information is the result of lasing threshold, instead of exceptional points. However, exceptional points correspond to the condition that lasing threshold is simultaneously achieved across multiple photonic modes. Therefore, exceptional points can further improve the sensitivity on top of lasing threshold. On the other hand, exceptional points alone cannot provide sensing advantage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number034059
JournalPhysical Review Applied
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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