Circulating Procollagen Type III N-Terminal Peptide and Mortality Risk in African Americans With Heart Failure

Ibrahim N. Mansour, Adam P. Bress, Vicki Groo, Sahar Ismail, Grace Wu, Shitalben R. Patel, Julio D. Duarte, Rick A. Kittles, Thomas D. Stamos, Larisa H. Cavallari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background Procollagen type III N-terminal peptide (PIIINP) is a biomarker of cardiac fibrosis that is associated with heart failure prognosis in whites. Its prognostic significance in African Americans is unknown. We sought to determine whether PIIINP is associated with outcomes in African Americans with heart failure. Methods and Results Blood was collected from 138 African Americans with heart failure for determining PIIINP and genetic ancestry, and patients were followed prospectively for death or hospitalization for heart failure. PIIINP was inversely correlated with West African ancestry (R2 = 0.061; P = .010). PIIINP > 4.88 ng/mL was associated with all-cause mortality on univariate (hazard ratio [HR] 4.9, 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.2–11.0; P < .001) and multivariate (HR 5.8; 95% CI 1.9–17.3; P = .002) analyses over a median follow-up period of 3 years. We also observed an increased risk for the combined outcome of all-cause mortality or hospitalization for heart failure with PIIINP > 4.88 ng/mL on univariate (HR 2.6, 95% CI 1.6–5.0; P < .001) and multivariate (HR 2.4, 95% CI 1.2–4.7; P = .016) analyses. Conclusions High circulating PIIINP is associated with poor outcomes in African Americans with chronic heart failure, suggesting that PIIINP may be useful in identifying African Americans who may benefit from additional therapy to combat fibrosis as a means of improving prognosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)692-699
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of cardiac failure
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016


  • African American
  • Heart failure
  • fibrosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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