Cholecystokinin-8 and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide stimulate exocrine pancreatic secretion via duodenally mediated mechanisms in the conscious pig

Paweł Kiela, Romuald Zabielski, Pawel Podgurniak, Monika Midura, Wiesław Barej, Peter Gregory, Stefan Grzegorz Pierzynowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effects of local and peripheral administration of cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP) on basal pancreatic secretion were investigated in conscious pigs. Five pigs (20 ± 2 kg, mean ± S.E.M.) were chronically fitted with a T-shaped cannula in the duodenum, and catheters in the pancreatic duct, jugular vein, and right gastroepiploic artery. The arterial catheter was inserted against the bloodstream with its tip opposite the duodenal branch(es) of the right gastroepiploic artery, so that all injected peptides would reach the duodenal arterial circulation excluding the pancreas. Pancreatic secretion during basal conditions (i.e. after an overnight fast) exhibited a characteristic cyclic pattern (cycle duration, 70 ± 4.2 min). Secretion volume oscillated between 0.2 ± 0.04 and 4.0 ± 0.9 ml kg-1 h-1 (P < 0.001), trypsin output between 9.6 ± 1.9 and 29.1 ± 4.1 U kg-1 h-1 (P < 0.001) and protein output between 0.36 ± 0.08 and 9.2 ± 1.7 mg kg-1 h-1 (P < 0.001). Infusion into the jugular vein for 1 min, during the trough of pancreatic secretion, of either CCK-8 (15 pmol kg-1 min-1) or VIP (7 pmol kg-1 min-l) did not stimulate pancreatic secretion. However, local infusion of an identical dose of CCK-8 or VIP into the duodenal arterial circulation increased the volume, protein output and trypsin output of the pancreatic juice (P < 0.05 to < 0.001). These results indicate that CCK-8 and VIP can stimulate the exocrine pancreas by a duodenally mediated mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)375-384
Number of pages10
JournalExperimental physiology
Volume81
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1996
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Physiology (medical)

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