Chitosan-graft-β-cyclodextrin nanoparticles as a carrier for controlled drug release

Zeting Yuan, Yajing Ye, Feng Gao, Huihui Yuan, Minbo Lan, Kaiyan Lou, Wei Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

Chitosan (CS) grafted with β-cyclodextrin (CD-g-CS) nanoparticles as a new carrier for poorly water-soluble drugs has been developed. The CD-g-CS polymer is readily synthesized from chitosan and mono-6-deoxy-6-(p- toluenesulfonyl)-β-cyclodextrin. Three different degrees of substitution (DS) of β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) on CD-g-CS (9.6, 14.0 and 20.0%) are designed and evaluated by controlling the mole ratio of β-CD to chitosan. Then CD-g-CS nanoparticles are prepared by an ionic gelation method, with the controlled size of 202.0-589.0 nm. Stable colloidal dispersion of the nanoparticles has been formed with the zeta potential of +23.0 to +43.0 mV. In vitro stability test indicates that CD-g-CS nanoparticles are more stable in phosphate-buffered saline compared with CS nanoparticles. Finally, the poorly water-soluble drug, ketoprofen (KTP), is used as a model drug to evaluate the efficiency of the new drug delivery carrier. It is found that the encapsulation efficiency of KTP in the nanoparticles with 20% DS of CD is as high as 1.36-fold than that of CS nanoparticles. Moreover, notably KTP is released from the nanoparticles in a controlled-release manner and is pH-responsive on DS of CD. In summary, these results suggest that the CD-g-CS nanoparticles, as a general promising drug delivery system, can be used as a potential biodegradable nano-drug delivery system for controlled release of poorly water-soluble drugs with pH-responsive capability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)191-198
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Pharmaceutics
Volume446
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 25 2013
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chitosan
  • Cyclodextrin
  • Ionic gelation
  • Nano-drug delivery system

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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