Ch'i: a neural hologram? Microtubules, bioholography, and acupuncture

S. R. Hameroff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Structure, occurrence, and functions of microtubules are reviewed. The theoretical principles of bioholography are outlined and the neuronal microtubular system is offered as an anatomical substrate for such a mechanism. This entails microtubules acting as coherency inducing, dielectric wave guides and resonators for atmospheric ultraviolet radiation which is refracted by the stratum corneum and other tissues. The proposed corporeal energy and its pathways are correlated with Ch'i, the ancient Chinese life energy and medium of acupuncture.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-170
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Chinese Medicine
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1974
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Complementary and alternative medicine


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