Chasing Shadows: Rotation of the Azimuthal Asymmetry in the TW Hya Disk

John H. Debes, Charles A. Poteet, Hannah Jang-Condell, Andras Gaspar, Dean Hines, Joel H. Kastner, Laurent Pueyo, Valerie Rapson, Aki Roberge, Glenn Schneider, Alycia J. Weinberger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have obtained new images of the protoplanetary disk orbiting TW Hya in visible, total intensity light with the Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph (STIS) on the Hubble Space Telescope (HST), using the newly commissioned BAR5 occulter. These HST/STIS observations achieved an inner working angle of ∼0.″2, or 11.7 au, probing the system at angular radii coincident with recent images of the disk obtained by ALMA and in polarized intensity near-infrared light. By comparing our new STIS images to those taken with STIS in 2000 and with NICMOS in 1998, 2004, and 2005, we demonstrate that TW Hya's azimuthal surface brightness asymmetry moves coherently in position angle. Between 50 au and 141 au we measure a constant angular velocity in the azimuthal brightness asymmetry of 22.°7 yr-1 in a counterclockwise direction, equivalent to a period of 15.9 yr assuming circular motion. Both the (short) inferred period and lack of radial dependence of the moving shadow pattern are inconsistent with Keplerian rotation at these disk radii. We hypothesize that the asymmetry arises from the fact that the disk interior to 1 au is inclined and precessing owing to a planetary companion, thus partially shadowing the outer disk. Further monitoring of this and other shadows on protoplanetary disks potentially opens a new avenue for indirectly observing the sites of planet formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number205
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume835
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • circumstellar matter
  • planets and satellites: formation
  • protoplanetary disks
  • stars: individual (TW Hya)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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