Characterizing Ohio River NOM variability and reconstituted-lyophilized NOM as a source surrogate

Paul D. Rossman, Dominic L. Boccelli, Jonathan G. Pressman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Natural organic matter (NOM) was collected, concentrated, and Iyophilized on a monthly basis for 15 months to create a temporal NOM library and assess seasonal variability of untreated Ohio River water. Using fluorescence spectroscopy with parallel factor analysis, similar spectral components for both the ultrafiltered source water (UF1X) and reconstituted Iyophilized NOM were observed in a two-component model throughout the study, with overall average emission and excitation wavelengths of 418 nm and 270 nm, respectively, for component 1 and 482 nm and 370 nm, respectively, for component 2. Fluorescence spectroscopy, high-pressure liquid chromatography-size exclusion chromatography, and elemental analysis indicated that the NOM was humic-like during the study with only small seasonal changes. Data from these analyses also demonstrated similarity between results for UF1X, reverse osmosis-concentrated NOM, and reconstitutcd- lyophilized NOM, validating the use of the reconstituted- lyophilized NOM as a surrogate for its source.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)E1-E9
JournalJournal - American Water Works Association
Volume109
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Fluorescence
  • Humic
  • Lyophilization
  • NOM
  • Reverse osmosis
  • TOC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Water Science and Technology

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