Characterizations of high-intensity red and blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs) as a light source for plant growth.

E. Ono, J. L. Cuello, K. A. Jordan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Recently developed high-intensity red and blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs), which constitute a potentially improved light source for controlled-environment plant growth applications such as in vitro micropropagation and biologically based advanced life support (ALS) for space missions, were characterized in this study. Blue 2 LED and Red 1 LED consistently yielded the highest and lowest voltage drop readings, respectively, for all the electrical current settings tested (5-50 mA), with Blue 1 LED producing voltage drops falling nearly in the middle of the readings for the first two LEDs. At the standard current setting of 20 mA, Blue 2 LED and Blue 1 LED required 2.5 and 1.6 times more electrical power, respectively, than did Red 1 LED. At the standard current of 20 mA, the average photosynthetic photon flux (PPF) for Red 1 LED, Blue 1 LED, and Blue 2 LED were 180, 145, and 36 micromoles m-2 s-1, respectively. Red 1 LED peaked at 460 micromoles m-2 s-1 at 50 mA, Blue 1 LED at 200 micromoles m-2 s-1 at 40 mA, and Blue 2 LED at 40 micromoles m-2 s-1 at about 25 mA. For all current settings, the electrical conversion efficiency of Red 1 was approximately two times greater than that of Blue 1 LED. The electrical conversion efficiency of Blue 1 and of Red 1 LED peaked in between 10 and 20 mA, at about 13 mA for Blue 1 LED and at about 15 mA for Red 1 LED. The normalized PPF distributions for both Red 1 LED and Blue 1 LED were independent of the various magnitudes of electrical current (20, 30, 40, and 50 mA) that were applied to the LEDs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)403-413
Number of pages11
JournalLife support & biosphere science : international journal of earth space
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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