Characterization of passivating films on commercial copper anodes using impedance spectroscopy

Michael S. Moats, J. Brent Hiskey, Scott C. Campin

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Electrochemical techniques are a valuable means of analyzing the passivation of commercial copper anodes. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) provides information concerning transport and reaction phenomena occurring at an electrode surface. Commercial copper anodes of varying compositions have been examined using EIS. Experiments were conducted in a flat cell with an electrolyte of 40 g/l Cu2+ and 160 g/l H2SO4 maintained at 65 °C. Impedance spectra were obtained at the potentials characteristic of the open circuit voltage and passive region for each anode. The spectra of the passivating films exhibited a flattened resistive/capacitive loop at middle to high frequencies and an inductive loop at low frequencies. An equivalent circuit utilizing an inductor-resistor series in parallel with the double layer capacitance and charge transfer resistance was adequate in modeling the impedance data. The influence of anodes impurities on the components of the equivalent circuit is discussed and correlated with a bi-layer passivation model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Number of pages13
StatePublished - 1997
EventProceedings of the 1997 TMS Annual Meeting - Orlando, FL, USA
Duration: Feb 10 1997Feb 13 1997


OtherProceedings of the 1997 TMS Annual Meeting
CityOrlando, FL, USA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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