Characterization of mouse small intestinal cytochrome P450 expression

Qing Yu Zhang, Debbie Dunbar, Laurence S. Kaminsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

78 Scopus citations


The expression of biotransformation enzymes in mouse small intestine is poorly characterized, which limits the utility of transgenic or knockout mouse models for first-pass drug metabolism studies. In response, we have systematically examined the composition and inducibility of cytochrome P450 (P450) protein and mRNA in mouse small intestinal epithelial cells (enterocytes). RNA-PCR was conducted to confirm the expression and identity of CYP1A1, 1B1, 2B10, 2B19, 2B20, 2C29, 2C38, 2C40, 2E1, 3A11, 3A13, 3A16, 3A25, and 3A44 in the enterocytes of untreated mice, but CYP1A2, 2A4/5, 2A12, 2C37, 2C39, and 2F2 were not detected. The inducibility of CYP2B, 2C, and 3A subfamily forms was determined by real-time quantitative RNA-PCR. All five CYP3A forms were induced, in a range from 1.7- to 4.5-fold, by dexamethasone (DEX). Phenobarbital (PB) induced CYP2B9, CYP2B10, and CYP2B20 mRNAs and suppressed CYP2B19 mRNA levels. PB also induced CYP2C29 and CYP2C40, but not CYP2C38 mRNA. At the protein level, CYP1A1, CYP1B1, CYP2B, CYP2C, CYP2E1, and CYP3A were detected in enterocytes from untreated mice by immunoblot analysis. CYP1A1 was inducible by β-naphthoflavone (BNF), CYP2B and CYP2C by PB, and CYP3A by DEX. CYP2B, 2C, and 3A proteins were all expressed at high levels proximally, and decreased distally. The inducibility of CYP1A1 followed a similar pattern. Intestinal P450 expression was compared between C57BL/6 (B6) and 129/sv (129) mice, strains commonly used in the preparation of transgenic and knockout mouse models. There was no significant strain difference in constitutive levels or induction patterns for CYP2B, 2C, and 3A protein. However, CYP1A1 was induced to a high level by BNF in B6 mice, but was not induced in the 129 mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1346-1351
Number of pages6
JournalDrug Metabolism and Disposition
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmaceutical Science


Dive into the research topics of 'Characterization of mouse small intestinal cytochrome P450 expression'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this