Characterization of cis-elements required for osmotic response of rat Na+/H+ exchanger-2 (NHE-2) gene

Liqun Bai, James F. Collins, Yunhua L. Muller, Hua Xu, Pawel R. Kiela, Fayez K. Ghishan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


The Na+/H+ exchanger (NHE-2) has been implicated in osmoregulation in the kidney, because it transports Na+ across the cell membrane and efficiently alters intracellular osmolarity. On hyperosmotic stress, NHE-2 mRNA increases in abundance in mouse inner medullary collecting duct (mIMCD- 3) cells, suggesting possible transcriptional regulation. To investigate the molecular mechanism of potential transcriptional regulation of NHE-2 by hyperosmolarity, we have functionally characterized the 5'-flanking region of the gene in mIMCD-3 cells. Transient transfection of luciferase reporter gene constructs revealed a novel cis-acting element, which we call OsmoE (osmotic- responsive element, bp -808 to -791, GGGCCAGTTGGCGCTGGG), and a TonE-like element (tonicity-responsive element, bp - 1201 to - 1189, GCTGGAAAACCGA), which together are shown to be responsible for hyperosmotic induction of the NHE-2 gene. Electrophoretic mobility shift assays suggest that different DNA- protein interactions occur between these two osmotic response elements. However, both DNA sequences were shown to specifically bind nuclear proteins that dramatically increase in abundance under hyperosmotic conditions. Isolation of transacting factors and characterization of their specific interaction with these osmotic response elements will further elucidate the transcriptional mechanisms controlling NHE-2 gene expression under hyperosmolar conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)R1112-R1119
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Issue number4 46-4
StatePublished - Oct 1999


  • Gel mobility shift
  • Kidney
  • Mouse inner medullary collecting duct cells
  • OsmoE
  • Transcriptional regulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'Characterization of cis-elements required for osmotic response of rat Na+/H+ exchanger-2 (NHE-2) gene'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this