Characteristics of American Indian Female Caregivers on a Southwest American Indian Reservation

Felina M. Cordova-Marks, Robin Harris, Nicolette I. Teufel-Shone, Beatrice Norton, Ann M. Mastergeorge, Lynn Gerald

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


American Indian (AI) caregivers have been excluded from national survey efforts. Drawing from a 2012 survey administered on the Hopi Reservation in northern Arizona, 20% of adults are caregivers. More information is needed to guide program development tailored to Hopi needs. In a University-Community collaboration, a 58 question survey was administered to self-identified caregivers of a family member about amount and type of care provided, difficulties, caregiver health, and desired support services. Characteristics of caregivers and their experiences were described. Forty-four (44) female Hopi caregivers were interviewed from June–October 2017, mean age of 59 years (± 12.6) with mean 5.5 year (± 4.4) history of providing care. Over 84% provided care to either a parent or grandparent. Most caregivers provided transportation (93.2%), housework (93.2%), and medical related care (72.7%). Caregivers stated they had difficulties with not having enough time for family and or friends (88.6%), financial burdens (75.0%), and not having enough time for themselves (61.4%). The most frequently identified difficulty was stress (45.5%). Caregivers would like additional services, with 76.7% asking for training. Over 77% would not consider placing their relative in an assisted living facility. Compared to national data, Hopi female caregivers are older, provide more care hours/week, more caregiving duties, and for a longer number of years. Stress is the most reported difficulty, although lower than national levels. As caregivers are resistant to placing the recipient in assisted living, educational efforts should focus on training caregivers to assist the care recipient and decreasing caregiver stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)52-60
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Community Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 15 2019


  • American Indian
  • Caregiving
  • Chronic disease
  • Elder
  • Native American

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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