The study presented in this article investigated two competing perspectives - accumulative advantage and institutional isomorphism - on the relationship between publication productivity and institutional hierarchy. Accumulative advantage suggests that increased institutional differentiation should occur over time as highly ranked institutions extend their advantage, whereas institutional isomorphism suggests that social processes will cause institutions to become increasingly similar. Institutional data, derived from three national surveys of American college faculty, conducted between 1972 and 1992, were used. The results provide support for both perspectives, which is perhaps best explained by the open yet competitive nature of the American higher education system.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Sociology and Political Science