The polyamines are essential for eukaryotic cell growth. One of the most critical effects of polyamines on cell growth is the availability of spermidine for the post-translational modification of eIF-5A. Because hypusine-containing eIF-5A is necessary for cell proliferation, depletion of cellular polyamines suppresses growth by depleting cellular modified eIF-5A content. Excess putrescine accumulations in DH23A/b cells induces apoptosis and suppresses the formation of hypusme-containing eIF-5A. Treatment of DH23A/b cells with diaminoheptane also suppresses modified eIF-5A formation and induces apoptosis. These data suggest that suppression of modified eIF-5A formation may play a role in putrescine-induced apoptosis as well.
- Cell growth
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Neuroscience
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience