Cellular automata in cytoskeletal lattices

Steven A. Smith, Richard C. Watt, Stuart R. Hameroff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Cellular automata (CA) activities could mediate biological regulation and information processing via nonlinear electrodynamic effects in cytoskeletal lattice arrays. Frohlich coherent oscillations and other nonlinear mechanisms may effect discrete 10-10 to 10-11 s interval events which result in dynamic patterns in biolattices such as cylindrical protein polymers: microtubules (MT). Structural geometry and electrostatic forces of MT subunit dipole oscillations suggest neighbor rules among the hexagonally packed protein subunits. Computer simulations using these suggested rules and MT structural geometry demonstrate CA activities including dynamical and stable self-organizing patterns, oscillators, and traveling "gliders". CA activities in MT and other cytoskeletal lattices may have important biological regulatory functions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)168-174
Number of pages7
JournalPhysica D: Nonlinear Phenomena
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jan 1984

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Applied Mathematics


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