Catalytic effects of different redox mediators on the reductive decolorization of azo dyes

A. A. Encinas-Yocupicio, E. Razo-Flores, F. Sánchez-Diaz, A. B. dos Santos, J. A. Field, F. J. Cervantes

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24 Scopus citations


The catalytic effects of redox mediators, with distinct standard redox potentials (E′0), were evaluated on the first-order rate constant of decolorization (Kd) of recalcitrant azo dyes by an anaerobic granular sludge. The dyes studied included mono-azo (Reactive Orange 14, RO14), di-azo (Direct Blue 53, DB53), and tri-azo (Direct Blue 71, DB71) compounds. Toxicity and auto-catalytic aspects seemed to play a role in determining the rate of decolorization. Addition of riboflavin, anthraquinone-2,6-disulphonate (AQDS) or lawsone as a redox mediator, increased the Kd value for all dyes studied, although their impact varied in every case. Kd values were increased from 1.1-fold up to 3.8-fold depending on the redox mediator applied. Moreover, catalysts with moderately similar E′0 value caused distinct stimulation on the rate of decolorization. These results should be considered for selecting the proper redox mediator to be applied during the anaerobic treatment of textile wastewaters and effluents containing electron-withdrawing pollutants, such as nitro-aromatic and polychlorinated compounds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-170
Number of pages6
JournalWater Science and Technology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2006


  • Anaerobic decolorization
  • Anthraquinone-2,6-disulphonate
  • Azo dyes
  • Redox mediators
  • Rivoflavin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology


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