Case study: Two-dimensional model simulation of channel migration processes in West Jordan River, Utah

Dong Chen, Jennifer G. Duan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations


The paper presents the application of a two-dimensional depth-averaged numerical model to simulate the lateral migration processes of a meandering reach in the West Jordan River in the state of Utah. A new bank erosion model was developed and then integrated with a depth-averaged two-dimensional hydrodynamic model. The rate of bank erosion is determined by bed degradation, lateral erosion, and bank failure. Because bank material in the West Jordan River is stratified with layers of cohesive and noncohesive materials, a specific bank erosion model was developed to consider stratified layers in the bank surface. This bank erosion model distinguishes itself from other models by relating bank erosion rate with not only flow but also sediment transport near the bank. Additionally, bank height, slope, and thickness of two layers in the bank surface were considered when calculating the rate of bank erosion. The developed model was then applied to simulate the processes of meandering migration in the study reach from 1981 to 1992. Historical real-time hydrographic data, as well as field survey data of channel geometry and bed and bank materials, were used as the input data. Simulated cross-sectional geometries after this 12-year period agreed with field measurements, and the R2 value for predicting thalweg elevation and bank shift are 0.881 and 0.706, respectively.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)315-327
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Hydraulic Engineering
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2008


  • Bank erosion
  • Case reports
  • Channels
  • Rehabilitation
  • Rivers
  • Two-dimensional models
  • Utah

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Mechanical Engineering


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