Cascade modeling the effects of mysticism, spirituality, and religiosity on within- and between-group biases

Maya Louise Bose, Aurelio José Figueredo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Previous studies on the relationship between religiosity and prejudice have produced inconsistent results and lack a diverse understanding of faith identities. This prompts the need for further exploration of the contexts in which different forms of faith correlate with attitudinal biases both within and between biocultural groups. In this online study, we evaluated two cascade models hypothesizing paths between three forms of faith — mysticism, religiosity, and spirituality — and bias against: (i) women and (ii) Arab immigrants. Additionally, we provide evidence supporting the nomological validity of a novel measure of globalism. 189 volunteer participants were recruited from the population of undergraduate students enrolled in psychology courses at the University of Arizona, and data were collected through a series of online survey measures. We found that both mysticism and religiosity appear to facilitate antagonistic attitudes towards both women and Arab immigrants. Meanwhile, spirituality seems to inhibit antagonistic attitudes towards women, while facilitating antagonistic attitudes towards Arab immigrants. By assessing the structural pathways between these constructs and various group-orientation variables, including collectivism, overt positive ethnocentrism, social dominance orientation, and globalism, this research provides a clearer understanding of how variations among these forms of belief affect group behavior and prejudiced attitudes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111156
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
StatePublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Globalism
  • Multilevel selection
  • Mysticism
  • Prejudice
  • Racism
  • Religiosity
  • Sexism
  • Spirituality

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)


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