Cardiovascular Effects of a Continuous Two‐Hour Propofol Infusion in Dogs Comparison With Isoflurane Anesthesia

ROBERT D. KEEGAN, STEPHEN A. GREENE

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

The cardiovascular effects during 2 hours of anesthesia with either a continuous propofol infusion or isoflurane were compared in the same six healthy dogs. Dogs were randomly assigned to be anesthetized with either propofol (5 mg/kg, IV administered over 30 seconds, immediately followed by a propofol infusion beginning at 0.4 mg/kg/min), or isoflurane (2.0% end‐tidal concentration). The propofol infusion was adjusted to maintain a light plane of anesthesia. Dogs anesthetized with propofol had higher values for systemic arterial pressure due to higher systemic vascular resistance. Dogs anesthetized with isoflurane had higher values for heart rate and mean pulmonary artery pressure. Cardiac index was not different between the two groups. Apnea and cyanosis were observed during induction of anesthesia with propofol. At the end of anesthesia the mean time to extubation for dogs anesthetized with either propofol or isoflurane was 13.5 min and 12.7 min, respectively. A continuous infusion of propofol (0.44 mg/kg/min) provided a light plane of anesthesia. Ventilatory support during continuous propofol infusion is recommended.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)537-543
Number of pages7
JournalVeterinary Surgery
Volume22
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1993
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • veterinary(all)

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